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Author: Gray, Jeremy, 1947-
Title: Henri Poincaré : a scientific biography / Jeremy Gray
Publisher: Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2013], ©2013
 Science Library  Q143.P7 G73 2013    DUE 06-02-15
Table of Contents: Introduction. Views of Poincaré -- Poincaré's way of thinking
1. The Essayist. Poincaré and the three body problem -- Poincaré's popular essays -- Paris celebrates the new centry -- Science, hypothesis, value -- Poincaré popular writings on physics -- The future of mathematics -- Poincaré among the logicians -- Poincaré's defenses of science
2. Poincaré's Career. Childhood, schooling -- The École polytechnique -- The École des mines -- academic life -- The Dreyfus affair -- National spokesman -- Contemporary technology -- International representatice -- The Nobel Prize -- 1911, 1912 -- Remembering Poincaré
3. The Prize Competition of 1880. The competition -- Fuchs, Schwarz, Klein, and automorphic functions -- uniformization, 1882 to 1907
4. The Three Body Problem. Flows on surfaces -- Stability questions -- Poincaré's essay and its supplements -- Les Méthodes Nouvelles de la Méchanique Céleste -- Poincaré returns
5. Cosmogony. Rotating fluid masses
6. Physics. Theories of electricity before Poincaré : Maxwell -- Poincaré's Électricité et Optique, 1890 -- Larmor and Lorentz : the electron and the ether -- Poincaré on Hertz and Lorentz -- St. Louis, 1904 -- The dynamics of the electron -- Poincaré and Einstein -- Early quantum theory
7. Theory of Functions and Mathematical Physics. Function theory of a single variable -- Function theory of several variables -- Poincaré's approach to potential theory -- The Six Lectures in Göttingen, 1909
8. Topology. Topology before Poincaré -- Poincare's work, 1895 to 1905
9. Interventions in Pure Mathematics. Number theory -- Lie theory -- Algebraic geometry
10. Poincaré as a Professional Physicist. Thermodynamics -- Probability
11. Poincaré and the Philosophy of Science. Poincaré : idealist, skeptic, or structural realist?
12. Appendixes. Elliptic and Abelian functions -- Maxwell's equations -- Glossary
Note(s): Includes bibliographical references (p. [553]-584) and indexes
Summary: "Henri Poincaré (1854-1912) was not just one of the most inventive, versatile, and productive mathematicians of all time--he was also a leading physicist who almost won a Nobel Prize for physics and a prominent philosopher of science whose fresh and surprising essays are still in print a century later. The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Henri Poincaré explores all the fields that Poincaré touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today. Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincaré's influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincaré conjecture. And Poincaré's reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincaré the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against the attacks of logicians such as Bertrand Russell, opposed the views of Catholic apologists, and served as an expert witness in probability for the notorious Dreyfus case that polarized France. Richly informed by letters and documents, Henri Poincaré demonstrates how one man's work revolutionized math, science, and the greater world"--Provided by publisher
Physical Description: xiii, 592 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Subject(s): Poincaré, Henri, 1854-1912
Scientists -- France -- Biography
ISBN: 9780691152714 (hardback)
0691152713 (hardback)